RABIN

RABIN, family of scholars. ISRAEL ABRAHAM RABIN (1882–1951) was born in Proskurov, Ukraine. After the kishinev pogrom of 1903, he was entrusted to accompany the orphans to Austria (in the post-World War I Ukrainian pogroms his own parents were murdered). From 1909 he taught at the Ezra teachers' seminary in Jerusalem, and in 1911 was called to head the Odessa Rabbinical Seminary. Detained in Germany by the outbreak of World War I, he subsequently took up a teaching position in post-biblical Jewish literature and history at Giessen University, taught at Frankfurt University (1918–21), and at the Jewish Theological Seminary, Breslau. From 1929 Rabin also taught Semitics and post-biblical literature at Breslau University. In 1935 he left Nazi Germany for Palestine where he headed a Mizrachi elementary school at Haifa and was chairman of the Haifa Religious Council. Rabin was an early supporter of religious Zionism (Mizrachi) and as its delegate attended all Zionist Congresses from the sixth–at which he voted against acceptance of the Uganda offer–to the twenty-first. While teaching at Jerusalem (1909–11), he was among the members of the academy of the Hebrew Language. Rabin's published work ranges over a wide field of Jewish scholarship. His historical studies are devoted to the Jews of Silesia (Beitraege zur Rechts-und Wirtschaftsgeschichte… 1, 1932; Rechtskampf der Juden in Schlesien, 1927; Juden in Dyhernfurth, 1929; in Zuelz, 1926) and also deal with general problems of historiography (Stoff und Idee…, in Festschrift… Dubnow, 1930, 41–56). His Studien zur Vormosaischen Gottesvorstellung (Festschrift zum 75 = jaehrigen Bestehen des Juedisch-Theologischen Seminars, 2, 1929) deal critically with the hypotheses of higher biblical criticism and anticipate some of the ideas on Israel's monotheism later developed by Y. Kaufmann . Of special importance to rabbinics is the critical edition of Mekhilta, prepared by S. Horovitz but completed and published by Rabin (1931, repr. 1960). One son was the Hebraist and linguist Chaim Menachem rabin . Israel's younger son was Michael Oser rabin .

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rábín — Rábín …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rabin — RÁBIN, rabini, s.m. Conducător religios al unei comunităţi mozaice. [acc. şi: rabín] – Din pol. rabin, germ. Rabbiner. cf. fr. r a b b i . Trimis de romac, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  RABÍN s. (bis.) ( …   Dicționar Român

  • Rabin — ist der Familienname von Chaim Rabin (1915–1996), in Deutschland geborener israelischer Hebraist und Sprachwissenschaftler Jitzchak Rabin (1922–1995), israelischer Premier und Träger des Friedensnobelpreises Leah Rabin (1928–2000), Ehefrau von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RABIN (I.) — RABIN ITZHAK (1922 1995) Premier ministre israélien de 1974 à 1977 et de 1992 à sa mort, Itzhak Rabin fut l’un des derniers représentants de la génération de 1948, celle qui mena la guerre d’indépendance; il fut aussi le premier chef de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rabin — Rabin, Isaac * * * (as used in expressions) Fougère Rabin Jean Rabin Rabin, Itzhak …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rabin — (izg. rȁbin), Jichak (1922 1995) DEFINICIJA izraelski general i političar, načelnik generalštaba u ratu 1967, predsjednik vlade 1974 1977. i 1992 1995; s J. Arafatom potpisnik izraelsko palestinskog mirovnog ugovora i dobitnik Nobelove nagrade za …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • rabin — ràbīn (rȁbi) m <G rabína> DEFINICIJA jud. vodeća duhovna i teološka ličnost u židovskim općinama 1. u srednjovjekovnim općinama imao i funkciju suca te moralnog autoriteta 2. u suvremenom židovstvu službenik židovske zajednice koji u… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Rabin — (Yitzhak) (1922 1995) général et homme politique israélien. Commandant l armée pendant la guerre des Six Jours (1967), Premier ministre de 1974 à 1977 et de 1992 à sa mort; en 1993 1994, il signa avec l O.L.P. un accord reconnaissant l autonomie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ràbīn — m 〈G rabína〉 jud. 1. {{001f}}vodeća duhovna i teološka ličnost u židovskim općinama a. {{001f}}u srednjovjekovnim općinama imao i funkciju suca te moralnog autoriteta b. {{001f}}u suvremenom židovstvu službenik židovske zajednice koji u sinagogi… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Rabin — Rabin, Yitzhak (1922 95 ) an Israeli politician of the Labour Party, who was ↑prime minister from 1974 1977 and again from 1992 to 1995. In 1994 he shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat. He was ↑assassinated in 1995… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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